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Top 10 attractions in China from the list of UNESCO

The UNESCO World Heritage List includes many attractions in China, with a total of 47 sites.

We want to tell about the 10 most popular of them.
1. Great Wall of China
2. Temple of Heaven
3. Forbidden City of Beijing
4. Terracotta army
5. Giant statue of Buddha in Leshan
6. Emei Mountains
7. Avatar Mountains – Zhangjiajie National Park (Wulingyuan Region)
8. Huanglong Preserve (Yellow Dragon)
9. Classical Chinese Gardens in Suzhou (Humble Officer’s Garden and Fisherman’s Garden)
10. Qianfodong Temple Complex
1. Great Wall of China
This is the eighth wonder of the world. One of the most visited attractions in the world – about 40 million tourists come here every year.

The length of this structure is about 8852 km. The construction of the Great Wall of China began in the III century BC in the period of the Warring States (475–221 BC). The wall was repeatedly destroyed and restored. At the beginning, it was built from rammed earth, stones, or wood. Later they began to use more modern materials – brick, lime and stone.

Some sections of the Great Wall of China resemble very steep and high steps; the wall has defensive structures (tower-forts) and guard (signal) towers throughout. The walls are decorated with battlements, which were used to observe the enemy and as a cover for the warriors.

Until now, the controversy is not fading whether the Great Wall of China is visible from space. The Great Wall of China from space is visible, but only under conditions of excellent visibility, and if you know where to look.

Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987, as one of the greatest Chinese historical sites.

2. Temple of Heaven
The complex is located on the southern outskirts of Beijing. It was built in 1420. The main buildings – the Temple of Rich Harvest, the Temple of Heavenly Majesty and the Altar of Heaven are located in a straight line from north to south. Here, twice a year, imperial services were held with sacrifices that were performed according to a very complex ritual.

“In the Temple of the Rich Harvest” prayed for rain and a rich harvest. This is a real masterpiece of architecture, built on a three-stage marble terrace: wooden pillars hold the ceiling without nails and cement. The height of the building is 38 m, diameter is 30 m.

In the courtyard of the “Temple of Heavenly Majesty” stands the “Sheptal Wall”. Turning to face her, you can hear words that are pronounced very far.

The “Altar of Heaven” consists of white marble terraces rising upwards. At the top of the Altar you are left alone with the sky. The Altar of Heaven is a round step pyramid with a diameter of 67 meters. The Echo of the Altar is amazing – thanks to the peculiarities of construction, the closer a person stands to the center, the louder the sounds he makes.

Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1998.

3. Forbidden City of Beijing
In the very center of Beijing stands a luxurious “palace city” with golden roofs. This palace complex was home to emperors ruling in China for 560 years. 24 emperors lived here at different times. Ordinary citizens are not allowed to enter or enter here.

The Forbidden City is an architectural masterpiece and the most extensive palace complex in the world. This applies to the layout of the entire complex, and to the refined design of buildings and premises.

The territory of the Forbidden City is a square. About 800 buildings are located on the area of ​​720 thousand m2. The city lies on the so-called Peking axis (from north to south) and is surrounded by wide moats and walls with a height of 10.4 meters. Behind them are symmetrically located palaces, gates, courtyards, streams and gardens. In the palaces of the Forbidden City, there are only about 9,000 rooms.

Currently, the Forbidden City is visited annually by about 7 million people.
He is the first Chinese object listed by UNESCO in the list of world heritage of mankind – in 1987.

4. Terracotta army
The terracotta army rested under the ground for more than 2,000 years. In 1974, farmers in the Sian province dug a well and accidentally stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological sites in the world – the terracotta imperial army. The army was buried in 210-209 BC. e., together with the emperor Qin Shi Huang, on whose initiative they began to build the Great Wall of China. The purpose of this army was to protect its emperor after death.

In the underground halls or pits, about 8,000 full-size figures were found, each of which is unique and neither is similar to the other. In the ranks there are infantrymen, archers, crossbow arrows, cavalrymen, military chariots with horses, there is even a command headquarters, which is located separately …

Initially, all the warriors had real weapons – swords and bows, which were plundered by marauders in ancient times. Warrior growth – from 1.6 to 1.7 meters. The faces of people represent different nationalities – Chinese, Mongols, Tibetans, Uighurs, etc. Warriors are sealed in different poses – someone holds a sword.

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