Mexico. No answers – just riddles!
In May 2010, the tour center “Kailash” conducted an expedition to the places of the ancient civilizations of the Olmecs, Mayans and Aztecs. The trip to Mexico lasted 19 days. During this time, members of the expedition visited many interesting and mysterious places: Teotihuacan – “the place where gods are born”, Villahermosu and the park “La Venta”, where the exposition devoted to the culture of the Olmec tribe is located, Palenque – one of the most important and beautiful cities of the era of the ancient Mayan kingdom, the largest maya settlement, the capital of the Mutul kingdom – Tikal and the place of the sacred Pachansky Lords – the rulers of the Mayan city of Yaxchilan. And, of course, travelers
visited Uxmal – one of the cultural and political centers of the ancient Maya and the legendary Chichen Itza. The full story about the expedition will be published on the website of the Kailash tourist center later. And today we are publishing the first feelings of Olga Kiseleva from this trip.
Marina Filippova: Olya, I met you when I was conducting an expedition in Ladakh (Small Tibet) in 2007. Then we drove several thousand kilometers along the Himalayan roads. And how many adventures and discoveries were on our way! (Dmitry Yusov’s report on this expedition). And before this trip, you passed the bark around Mount Kailash, and then – Nepal, Lapchi and again Tibet. And that is all – the Great Himalayas.
Now, for some inexplicable reason, Latin America began to loudly declare itself. If earlier, my fellow travelers, seekers of truth, I asked – where are you going this year, they answered – Himalayas, then the last two years almost all indicate Peru, then Mexico, then Bolivia.
MexicoOlga Kiseleva: It all started with Tibet. It was he who opened a certain path. I do not know yet what this path is. But now I have been traveling for three years. How did you get the idea to go to Mexico? As always. Svetlana Pasha called and asked if you want to go to Mexico? And my husband and I agreed. And here began those very traditional wonders. I turn on the TV – a report about Mexico, acquaintances give an album dedicated to Mexico, although we have not told anyone about our trip. And everything is going, everything turns out. And it seems that it is necessary to go.
MF: Have you read anything about the Mayan or Aztec culture? Preparing for the trip?
OK: Of course, I read it and not only before the trip. But reading gave rise only to the feeling that you know nothing, you do not understand. Mayan culture is a mystery that attracts. And a little more frightened their bloodthirstiness. Too much talk about sacrifices.
MF: And, despite this bloodthirstiness, you still went to Mexico, to learn the mysterious and still culture of the peoples of South America and Central America!
OK: Blood, blood … I must say that we also have a lot of blood mixed up! But it was in Mexico, on the land of ancient peoples, that I understood a lot, I felt a lot and my opinion changed.
MF: And what amazes most of all when you get to the ancient cities on the Yucatan Peninsula?
OK: The architectural forms are amazing. Like the ancient people, with the help of stone tools, they could build such pyramids or structures. The first city, Teotihuacan, which we visited, surprised me with its buildings.
MF: In my opinion, they are not that old compared to the Egyptian pyramids.
OK: Such structures are always amazing. And yet – the question all the time arises: Why do certain places of worship in different places of the earth have the same architectural forms: Egypt, Latin American countries, Cambodia (pyramidal temples), there are such buildings in India.
MF: Yes, I saw something similar in the south of the Indian subcontinent, in Hampi, for example. And there it seemed that this was not done by human hands. And just like Teotihuacan, it is located on a vast territory.
Teotihuacan is a city where people become gods. Modern researchers believe that the area of this ancient settlement was 26-28 square meters. km, and the population is about 100 thousand people. This is the first major city in the western hemisphere. This area was inhabited as early as 400 BC. However, Teotihuacan flourished between the 2nd and 7th centuries AD.
The current Teotihuacan is probably the ruins of a city built at the beginning of our era. The labor force was recruited from a population that was estimated by researchers to be 200,000 people, which put Teotihuacan in sixth place in the list of the largest cities of its time. Teotihuacan – a later name. The development of the Teotihuacan civilization coincides in time with the flowering of ancient Rome, but the history of the Mesoamerican city turned out to be longer. The city was the main object of pilgrimage. Travelers in the Valley of Mexico visited Teotihuacan to bargain, find work, or worship religious shrines. Thousands of foothill villages remained practically empty on certain days, and their inhabitants flocked to Teotihuacan Square to take part in religious ceremonies and mystical celebrations.