Argentina. Iguazu Falls
At seventeen hours drive from Buenos Aires, on the border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, are the majestic jungle. They were inhabited by Guarani – the indigenous Indians.
Reference. The indigenous people, namely the Guarani Indians still live in these places. Guarani is considered the ethnic community of Paraguay, where the second language is still Guarani, even the currency in Paraguay is called Guarani. This nation was so great that it settled the territory of today’s Argentina and Brazil. See how Guarani Indians live and can now.
The Guarani Indians have one legend. One of the leaders had a daughter Naipi (Naipi). She was so beautiful that the rivers stopped to admire the reflection of the beauty. Naipi was promised to be the wife of God Kboi, who lived in the woods in the form of a snake. But the trouble is, she fell in love with a warrior named Taroba (Tarobah, Toroba) and sat down in his canoe, ran down the Iguaçu River. Angry God avenged the couple in love. He shook the earth so that a huge obstacle formed on the river, which created the waterfall. The lovers died, falling from a height into the raging waters.
Taroba turned into a lonely palm tree, and Naipi – into a big rock. They stand opposite each other, sometimes joining a rainbow. And the serpent god sleeps in a cave behind a waterfall. Splashes of his rage are visible seven kilometers from the falls.
Reference. Iguazu Falls (Cataratas del Iguazu) is not a single waterfall, but a whole complex of waterfalls. It divides the Iguazu River into upper and lower parts. Once the waterfall belonged to Paraguay, but as a result of the war of the Tripartite Alliance in the second half of the 19th century, Paraguay was defeated, and the territory along the Iguazu River was divided between two states: Argentina and Brazil. Therefore, now the waterfall is in the possession of the two countries.
The Iguaçu River originates on the slopes of the Serra do Mar ridge and flows to the borders of the two states, where it rushes from a great height into the Paranu river to the delight of tourists. This place is Argentina and Brazil proclaimed National Parks.
In Iguazu National Park a ticket costs 35 Argentine pesos, that is 700 rubles. “Devil’s Throat” (Garganta del Diablo) is also called the largest waterfall of the complex. Walk to it 3 kilometers on foot. There is a train here. It is a narrow-gauge railway with three stations. The train runs every 20 minutes. The size of the Iguazu National Park is two and a half of Moscow.
Reference. From the Argentine side, the Iguazu National Park area is 67 thousand hectares, and from the Brazilian side – 185 thousand hectares. National Park in Argentina is older than Brazil. In Argentina, it was founded in 1909, in Brazil – in 1939.
UNESCO recognized both National Parks as World Heritage sites. Every year 1.5 million tourists visit the waterfall from the Argentine side. A part of the territory surrounding the waterfall was turned into an attraction, where the train is a popular attraction.
The discoverer of the Iguazu Falls – Cabeza de Vaca (1541). The first tourist is a young lady named Victoria. At the end of the 19th century, she came to look at the waterfall, got such impressions that she gave part of her fortune to building paths leading to the waterfall, thereby giving people two convenient ways: the lower and upper, with different angles and perspectives. A popular statement was made by US First Lady Eleonora Roosevelt, who exclaimed when she saw the Iguazu Falls: “Poor Niagara!”
Iguazu Falls are wider and taller than Niagara. In one second, they spew more water than the Victoria Falls and Niagara Falls combined. But it’s not that! And the fact that Iguaçu waterfalls are the most beautiful in the world! Three-kilometer strip of nearly three hundred waterfalls from 40 to 90 meters in height, surrounded by dense jungle. This is the country of King Kong or the planet of Pandora. Hundreds of thousands of years ago, the geological rift created inspiration for Hollywood. Translated from the language of Guarani “iguasu” means – “big water”. In these powerful streams, the Guarani Indians saw something devilish. The most impressive group of waterfalls is called the Devil’s Throat: 150 meters wide, 700 meters long, 82 meters high and two million liters of water per second. The borders of the states of Argentina and Brazil divide in half even the largest waterfall from the cascade – “Devil’s Throat”. Before collapsing down, the river forms many islets. Before falling, it spreads over several kilometers, and after – it narrows several times. In the geological past, waterfalls were 30 kilometers lower. The best panorama of Iguashi waterfalls opens from Brazil. And only from the Brazilian side, you can fly over the waterfall by helicopter.
Coati – Argentine raccoons, found here in abundance. To know the fauna of the impregnable jungle, you have to go there. But before such an adventure, you must wear long-sleeved pants and shirts, as well as closed shoes. And we need to be smeared with a mosquito repellent. In these places there is no fever and malaria. But mosquitoes abound in large numbers.