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Gardens and landscapes of Georgia

The Georgian land begins, as is known, from the Kremlin. The city fortress in Tbilisi is called Narikala. It “stands as a memory of old, hard days” (from the song “Tbiliso”). On the very crest of the mountain ridge stands a majestic monument – Mother Georgia with a sword and a cup in her hands. Behind it is a botanical garden, created in 1845 on the site of the former royal gardens, which existed for more than one century. In the garden, on an area of ​​128 hectares, more than 3,500 taxonomic units are represented – a living herbarium of the Caucasus.

I have long known and strongly love Georgia. There is no people in the world that would be closer and clearer to me. Perhaps my classics are guilty of Russian classics. Pushkin, for example, who, according to Gogol’s testimony, was “imbued and saturated … with a southern sky, valleys of beautiful Georgia.” Maybe my attachment comes from the fact that I was born in Mirgorod, where the great poet David Guramishvili lived in the second half of his life. Maybe the relatives who lived in Tbilisi are guilty. Most likely, I myself am to blame, which I confess. And yet, I confess that I have not been to Georgia since 1998. Therefore, I really wanted to show Georgia to my grandson, who has also been since 1998, and has never been there and did not understand what I left there. The case turned up, and we traveled all over Georgia, as far as possible in a week.

The Georgian land begins, as is known, from the Kremlin. The city fortress in Tbilisi is called Narikala. It “stands as a memory of old, hard days” (from the song “Tbiliso”). On the very crest of the mountain ridge stands a majestic monument – Mother Georgia with a sword and a cup in her hands. Behind it is a botanical garden, created in 1845 on the site of the former royal gardens, which existed for more than one century. In the garden, on an area of ​​128 hectares, more than 3,500 taxonomic units are represented – a living herbarium of the Caucasus.

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Gamarjoba, sunny Georgia, we are going to the festival of the collection of tangerines!
November 01 – 08, 2019
From the old part of the city on the pedestrian bridge of the World, made of glass and metal built by the Italian architect Michele de Lucca in 2010, we get to the left bank of the Kura River in the Rica Park. His herbal compositions are still too young, nevertheless, impressive.

A month ago, marble Ronald Reagan was planted in the park, apparently to guard American interests there.
If you drive from Rike a bit along the former Black Sea street, which miraculously became George Bush Avenue, then at Samgori metro station you can find another good design work – vertical landscaping of the facade.

From the park we climb the hill of St. Ilya to the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity (Tsminda Sameba), opened in December 2002. The height of the temple is 105 meters, the total area is more than half a hectare. The majestic complex on two levels is an excellent example of landscape architecture.

A little to the north of Tbilisi, where the turbulent Aragvi merges with the quieter Kura, where the ZAGES still gives current and in Georgian is also called Zagres, the town of Mtskheta, the former Georgian capital, is located. Above him on high mountain one can see the temple of Jvari, sung by Mikhail Lermontov, and the monument to the poet stands on the bank of the Aragvi. The city is no less famous for another temple – Svetitskhoveli. It was built in the XI century by the great architect Konstantin Arsakidze, who was killed by King George, who ordered to cut off his right hand. The history of the creation of the temple in the novel “The Hand of the Great Master” was recreated by the writer Konstantina Gamsakhurdia, whose memory was literally eclipsed by his son Zviad, the first president of post-Soviet Georgia. There was a time when one of the streets of the city was called Aragvskaya, and every citizen knew that a notable master lived there, a gardener, Mikhail Alexandrovich Mamulashvili. Thousands of guests visited his garden each year. Today the street bears his name, but the garden is closed, guests do not go, and young Mtskhets do not know such a master. Only the great-grandson of Vano keeps, as he can, what remains of the former wealth. And Honored Art Worker of the Georgian SSR Mamulashvili, born in 1873, began his journey to the garden peaks in the agricultural school, then worked in the garden of the governor of the Caucasus, and then participated in the creation or reconstruction of almost all large gardens and parks of the republic. A large number of original compositions created by him from plants, especially of ground cover and moss, ceramics, stones and snags, decorated his garden. They wanted to see people. Miho lived for nearly a hundred years and created a lot. Something of what else is preserved, you see in the picture.

First of all, we moved east, to the place “where Alazan winds, the bliss blows and coolness, where tribute of purple grapes is gathered in the gardens” (A.Griboedov). They visited the Alaverdi Cathedral near Telavi, the Nekresi Monastery in the Alazani Valley, where the oldest church of the 4th century is made of rough stone on the foundation transformed into a tomb, a monastery complex.

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